Tyranny comes in many forms. The Constitution was written in 1787 in Philadelphia. A constitution is what tells how the government is going to work. 55 delegates representing 12 out of the 13 states met in Philadelphia to fix the national government, trying to make it better. The existing government, the Articles of Confederation, just wasn’t doing the job, and they wanted to make it better and come together to do so. They were trying to create a strong government without letting one person, or even groups of people, get too much power. A tyranny is a power held by one person or a group of people. The Constitution guarded against tyranny in many ways like, federalism, separation of power, checks and balances, and small and large states.
The first guard against tyranny is federalism. Federalism protects against tyranny because the national and the state governments both have powers, so not just one is too powerful, they are equal. This helps them work together. Both of the government’s, central and state, has the power to enforce laws and tax. Also, the central government can make an army, but the state government can establish a school.
Next, separation also guards against tyranny. This means that the government is divided into 3 branches. These are, legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislative is the congress, made up of the House of Representatives and the senate. Executive is the president, made up of executive and cabinet departments. The Judicial is the courts, like supreme court, courts of appeal, and district courts. In order for there to not be a tyranny, there must be a separation of power. Each of the branches is needed to make certain decisions. Separation of power protects tyranny because they could possibly over power the president.
Also, something else that guards against tyranny is checks and balances. This means that each of the branches is able to check up on other branches. They want to keep the central government branches working together because they need each other to make decisions. All three of the branches need to agree. This also protects against tyranny because each of the branches can check up on eachother to make sure all is going well, and not one of the branches could over power another.
Lastly, small and large states guard against tyranny. This means making everything fair no matter the size of the state. The large states would favor the House of Representative, since they have a large population and the smaller states would favor the senate, since their population is small. Each House of Representative has two senators. The problem with this protecting against tyranny is that the congress is for both small and large states, since they need each other to make a decision.
In conclusion, federalism, separation of power, checks and balances, and small and large states all contributed to guarding against tyranny in the government. The government is divided into three branches, which keep it fair and equal. It is important to know that our constitution protects us from too much power, or somebody taking over, because everything is equal and fair.