This research attempts to investigate the participation of women in peacekeeping operations. Participation of women in peacekeeping operations remains an important area of research to security studies as a discipline, as a result it not only poses threat to global socio-economic development, but also it is regarded as a threat to human security. It is against this background that, the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 was adopted on the 31st of October 2000 in an effort to express concern over the fact that civilians, particularly women and children who account for the vast majority of those adversely affected by armed conflict be included in ensuring human security (UNSCR, 2000).
This study acknowledges that within the context of Namibia, this study is critical because it climaxes a historical milestone which was adopted during the Namibia’s Presidency on the United Nations Security Council in 2000 with regards to peace-keeping centered towards women. Likewise, the “Windhoek Declaration” ultimately led to the adoption of the “Namibia Plan of Action” which eventually culminated in the passage of United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 (Adzei-Tuadzra, 2013). Therefore, the aim of this study is to highlight how women participation in peace keeping operations in Darfur has a direct correlation on human security in the broader continuum of security and strategic studies.
This study also asserts that, that significant progress has been registered broadly in Africa since the adoption of the UNSCR 1325. This is corroborated by how Africa has managed to build up an extensive body of instruments and policies which have a strong amount of relevance on women with regards to peace and human security. Likewise, the most prominent body of instrument is the Protocol to the African Union Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa also referred to as the Maputo Protocol and the Solemn Declaration on Gender Equality in Africa (SDGEA) (AU Report, 2016). However, the argument from which this study stems from is that, despite the existence of this body of instruments and protocols to date (2018) there is only nineteen (19) African Union Member States that have developed and adopted 1325 National Action Plans (NAPs). Thus, the gap which this study seeks to bridge and advance knowledge on is that, despite all these considerable efforts, inequalities in the Namibian Defence Force (NDF) are still apparent, and in particular the participation of women in peacekeeping and peace-building missions remains a major challenge.