The sociological perspective is a perspective on human behavior and its connection to society as a whole. It invites us to look for the connections between the behavior of individual people and the structures of the society in which they live.Sociology is a social science that can be defined by most laymen, correctly or incorrectly. Most view sociology as akin to “Common Sense”, but they could not be further incorrect. Sociology is a scientific discipline that uses systematic observation in order to propose certain objective statements or hypothesis. On the other hand, “Common Sense” is our own, very subjective perception and beliefs of the world around us influenced by almost every factor in our environment. The “Father of Sociology”, Auguste Comte defined Sociology as “as a positive science”. Positivism is the search for “invariant laws of the natural and social world.”
Simply put, it is a scientific and systematic study of society. It is a rigorous and reasoned study of social life, social groups and structures. At its very core lies the concept of “Sociological Perspective”. It means an approach to comprehend human behaviour by placing it within its broader social context. Our social environment guides our thoughts and actions in a manner similar to how seasons affect our choice of clothing. The Sociological Perspective allows and enables one to shed his/her own judgement about the world and look beneath i.e. critically under the surface of situations.
Peter Berger (1963) described the Sociological Perspective as “seeing the general in particular”. It helps sociologists to identify and study the general patterns in the behavior of specific individuals, communities, groups and so on. Despite every individual being unique, society shapes the lives of its members. For Example