Solution-focused theory is a type of therapy used by counselors and therapists in addressing issues that may face their clients. Solution-focused theory aims at providing solutions to address any arising issues affecting clients (O’Connell, 2012). This theory is goal oriented and focuses on what can be done to solve the problems. This theory does not focus more on the problem or any previous issues but rather the progress of the solutions implemented to solve the current issues and prevent future reoccurrences (O’Connell, 2012). Due to this reason, the solution-focused theory has become one of the best and common theories used in therapies today as the most important aspect to a client is solving the presented issues. Solution-focused theory is very clear and realistic and involves the clients to participate in the decision-making process regarding the search for solutions on their issues (O’Connell, 2012).
This theory believes that clients have knowledge on what is important and helpful to them in improving their lives as any client seeking for help is already committed to the healing process and has some important ideas that can be helpful in finding a solution to their problems (Lutz, 2014). This makes it one of the quickest therapy theories and saves the counselor and the client many resources that would have been incurred if they used another type of theory (Lutz, 2014). This theory will be the best to treat Ana who is the client suffering from major stressors in her life which include lack of family and supportive friends, financial problems due to job loss, loneliness and worry due to her husband who has been deployed overseas in a combat zone, and raising a baby by herself.
What Concepts Of The Theory Make It The Most Appropriate For The Client In The Case Study?
The solution-focused theory is goal oriented and focuses more on addressing the arising issues, which makes it the most appropriate for Ana (Lutz, 2014). Ana has major stressors in her life, which require immediate attention and the solution-focused theory is suitable in providing solutions to the issues (Lutz, 2014). The main reason that Ana has sought counseling services is to find solutions to her major issues and this theory will help her in addressing the issues. The solution-focused theory is also quick saving on time, which is important, as some of the stressors affecting Ana need immediate attention as they could develop to serious issues (Lutz, 2014).
The solution-focused theory focuses on finding the solution to address the issues and does not focus on past events or analyzing the problem rather what is the best solution to these problems (O’Connell, 2012). The solution-focused theory also indulges the clients since it believes that the clients have some knowledge and ideas that can help in solving the issues. Ana arrived at the clinic 30 minutes earlier and is ready to commit to eight sessions of treatment, which shows her commitment to find a solution to her problems. With the involvement of Ana to her treatment process, it will help the counselor to make good decisions to better the life of Ana (O’Connell, 2012).
Why Did You Choose This Theory Over The Others?
The solution-focused theory is the best theory to help Ana since it focuses on finding a solution to the problems facing Ana, which is the main reason for Ana going to the clinic (Geldard ; Geldard, 2012). Solving Ana’s problems should be the focus of the counselor and this theory will help in achieving this goal. This theory has also been proved to produce positive results as it involves the client in finding solutions to their problems (Geldard & Geldard, 2012). A successful theory will involve its clients in the treatment process as the client knows what will work best for him/her and has knowledge on the best treatment methods that can fit into their daily life, which guarantees positive results (Geldard & Geldard, 2012). The Solution-focused theory will be the best theory to address Ana’s major stressors.
What Will Be the Goals of Counseling and What Intervention Strategies Are Used To Accomplish Those Goals
The goals of counseling will be to find solutions to Ana’s major stressors in life (Geldard & Geldard, 2012). These include helping Ana get support from her family and friends, help Ana find a stable job or any other form of financial help, Address Ana’s worry over her husband who has been deployed overseas in a combat zone, and finally to help Ana in finding help in raising her baby. Intervention strategies used to accomplish these goals will include helping Ana develop a close relationship with her family who will help Ana on addressing most of her problems. Ana’s family is a wealthy family which lives in Guatemala and they can help Ana in addressing her financial troubles as well as provide emotional support that Ana is having of raising her baby alone and constant worrying about her husband who has been deployed overseas in a combat zone.
Is The Theory Designed For Short- Or Long-Term Counseling?
The solution-focused theory is designed for both the short-term and long-term counselling since it aims at providing solutions to current situations and prevent future reoccurrences of the issues (Sharf, 2017). For clients who are involved in short-term counseling, this theory is the best as it uses less time in achieving solutions to help a client (Sharf, 2017). With the participation of the client in finding the best solutions to her problems, this will allow better solutions than when the counselor recommends treatment solutions that may not work effectively for the client. This will enable in solving a problem completely preventing future reoccurrences and so useful in long-term counseling (Sharf, 2017).
What Will Be The Counselor’s Role With This Client?
The counselor’s role will be to help Ana who is the client in solving the issues affecting her (Geldard & Geldard, 2012). The main reason that Ana has sought counseling services is to find solutions to her problems, which are to be provided by the counselor (Geldard & Geldard, 2012). The counselor has a role in implementing the solution-focused theory in addressing Ana’s problems. These include finding a solution to Ana’s issue of lack of support from family and friends, helping Ana find a solution to the financial problems due to her job loss, helping Ana to overcome the constant worry about her husband who has been deployed overseas in a combat zone, and finally the challenge of raising her baby alone.
What Is the Client’s Role in Counseling?
Ana who is the client has a role in the counseling process, which includes presenting her problems and providing explanations to the counselor to enable a better understanding, which will help in finding the best solutions for Ana’s problems (Geldard & Geldard, 2012). Ana is also expected to participate in the counseling process by sharing her knowledge about the possible and suitable solutions regarding her problems as she is better placed to provide solutions that can work better for her (Geldard & Geldard, 2012). For a better counseling outcome, a client should participate in the process to enable an informed decision-making process (Geldard & Geldard, 2012).
For What Population(S) Is This Theory Most Appropriate? How Does This Theory Address The Social And Cultural Needs Of The Client?
The solution-focused theory is most appropriate for the young population as they are busy with different aspects in their lives, which may include taking care and providing for their kids at the same time securing their future, which makes them have little time for other activities, which may include counseling sessions (Sharf, 2017). Due to the less time required for the solution-focused theory, it can best apply to the young generation and also due to the goal-oriented perspective, the young population can provide solutions which they think can help in providing solutions to their problems(Sharf, 2017).
The young generations are full of skills and energy, which is an advantage to counselors when using the solution-focused theory (O’Connell, 2012). The solution-focused theory addresses the social and cultural needs of the client by encouraging the clients to participate during the counseling sessions where solutions can be determined to solve any social or cultural needs of the clients (O’Connell, 2012). With the clients participating in the counseling sessions, they are given freedom to air their perspectives regarding how social or cultural needs might be solved.
What Additional Information Might Be Helpful To Know About This Case?
Additional information to know about this case would be why Ana who is the client has a not so good relationship with her family since her family might help her in most of her issues (Sharf, 2017). Ana has also other siblings who might also help her in addressing some of her problems. Family is the closest relationship a person can have and it will be helpful to have information on what happened between Ana and her family, as she has not seen her family for a year. Additional information on why Ana does not have close and supportive friends should also be provided because it is important for one to have close friends especially during this time (Sharf, 2017).
What May Be A Risk In Using This Approach?
The solution-focused theory has a disadvantage in that it does not analyze the root cause of a problem and only focuses on providing solutions to current problems (Lutz, 2014). For counselors to address an issue completely, it is important to find and determine the cause of the issue to be able to address the issue accurately (Lutz, 2014). This will also enable to prevent future reoccurrences of the problem. The solution-focused theory does not address the causes of most problems making it a risk for future reoccurrences, which may negatively affect the client in the future (Lutz, 2014).
Geldard, K., & Geldard, D. (2012). Personal counseling skills: An integrative approach. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas.
Lutz, A. B. (2014). Learning solution-focused therapy: An illustrated guide. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, a division of American Psychiatric Association.
O’Connell, B. (2012). Solution-focused therapy. London: SAGE.
Sharf, R. S. (2017). Theories of psychotherapy and counseling: Concepts and cases. Vancouver, B.C.: Langara College.