Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta- Analysis

Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta- Analysis (PRISMA) is an evidence- based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta- analyses. PRISMA focuses on the reporting of reviews evaluating randomized trails, but can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews of other types of research, particularly evaluations of interventions. In appendix three the PRISMA diagram can be found with papers identified and papers used for the research for this paper. On the initial search, twenty papers were found, twelve then was excluded which left this review with eight papers to critically analyse.

Ethical approval
Department of health (2011) governance on ethical approval tells us that for the research to result in benefit and minimise risk of harm. All the papers reviewed need ethical approval, all the papers used within this project received this. This is for any research that involves human participants, which is the case for all the papers in this review. This is to ensure that their dignity, rights, safety and well-being of all participants are the main consideration of the research project.

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For this literature review, there has been eight papers selected to be critically appraised.
The first paper used for this review is ‘stress appraisal and coping in mothers of NICU infants’. This is a mixed method paper, which assess the coping process of 35 mothers of premature and at risk babies using a cognitive behavioural theory (reference) to


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