Physical education is a course taught in school that focuses on developing physical fitness and the ability to perform and enjoy day-to-day physical activities with ease. Kids also develop skills necessary to participate in a wide range of activities, such as soccer, basketball, or swimming. Regular physical education classes prepare kids to be physically and mentally active, fit, and healthy into adulthood. An effective physical education program should include engaging lessons, trained P.E. teachers, adequate instructional periods, and student evaluation.
Three objectives of Physical education:
• Outline the various health components of fitness.
• Recognize the physical and mental benefits of increased activity.
• Examine the effect of nutrition, rest and other lifestyle factors that contribute to better health.
Components of Physical Education:
• Cardiorespiratory Endurance- The ability of the heart and lungs to supply oxygen to the muscles during long periods of exercise.
• Muscular Strength- The ability of a muscle or muscles to push / pull an object using Total Force.
• Muscular Endurance- The ability of a muscle or muscles to repeat a movement many times, or hold a position for an extended period of time.
• Flexibility- The ability of a muscle or muscles to move a joint through its full range of motion.
• Body Composition- What the body is made of. Muscle Mass vs. Fat Mass.
Skill Related Components
• Speed- The ability to move quickly from one point to another
• Agility- The ability of the body to change direction quickly
• Balance- The ability to maintain an upright posture while still or moving
• Coordination- Integration with hand and/or foot movements with the input of the senses.
• Reaction Time- Amount of time it takes to get moving.
• Power- The ability to do strength work at an explosive pace.