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In the world, more than 150 million experimental animals die per year . The bulk of the experimental animals – 65% – is used in medical research for testing drugs and new methods of treatment. On fundamental (medical, military, space, etc.) studies accounted for 26% of the experiments. 8% of animals die in tests for toxicity in the development of cosmetics, industrial compounds, etc. In student experiments, 1% of all laboratory animals die. Is there an alternative to such experiments?
Read the following article. You will find the answer to this question.
Every year millions of lives of our smaller brothers are carried out by painful experiments. Experimental animals are burned, scalded, poisoned and starved, subjected to electric shocks and accustomed to drugs, cause stomach ulcers, arthritis, cancer, diabetes, syphilis, AIDS. They remove the eye surgically, cause fractures of the bones and brain damage. In military studies, animals are poisoned with gas, cyanides, and shot with plastic bullets and shells.
We entered the third millennium and progress, spiritual and physical, requires that all obstacles to civilized development be removed.
Does it make sense to test new medications and treatments on animals?
85% of the animal experiments conducted over the past 100 years to develop new drugs and therapies fall between 1950 and the present. However, the average life expectancy during this period has not changed, the number of chronic diseases continues to grow.
The fact is that because of anatomical and physiological differences between humans and animals, testing drugs and new methods of treatment in animals is inefficient and even dangerous. For example, it is known from scientific observations that morphine calms man, but excites cats. Aspirin is toxic to cats, and penicillin is highly toxic to guinea pigs. Experiments on animals did not show a carcinogenic effect on a human asbestos, which was subsequently identified.
Before being on the chemist’s counter, the drugs undergo numerous animal tests for 15-20 years. At the same time at the stage of early clinical trials, 90% of the drugs are discarded.
Modern medicine has up to 150 drugs that have been tested on animals and proved to be dangerous to humans. For example, the result of using a sedative for pregnant women of thalidomide was the birth of 10,000 children with limbs and deformities. Prior to this, the drug was successfully tested on animals and showed no toxicity. In the 1960s, 3,500 asthmatic patients who had used isoprenaline aerosol inhalers that had been tested in animals died in the UK. The recent scandal with the largest German concern Bayer, when as a result of taking the drug killed 52 people, once again proved that the difference between the processes,
An analysis of the achievements of modern medicine has shown that the progress of medicine is largely associated with clinical observations of patients, and not with experiments on animals. This treatment for diseases such as hepatitis, rheumatism, typhoid, ulcerative colitis, thyroid disease, etc. The “war against cancer” began in 1971, but never succeeded, although the cost of experiments using animals exceeded one billion dollars in some only the United States. There is also no benefit from animal experiments in the study of AIDS.
Experiments on animals require huge financial costs. At the same time, this money could successfully be spent on an advertising campaign for a healthy lifestyle. The need to take medication would be reduced to a minimum.
To date, a number of centers have been established in the world to develop alternatives to animal experiments. Instead of experimental animals, such centers use single-celled organisms, bacteria, physico-chemical methods, cell cultures, computer models. “75% of animal experiments can now be successfully replaced by cell cultures,” said G. P. Chervonskaya, a virologist, a member of the Committee on Bioethics at the Russian Academy of Sciences. “These methods are effective, accurate and require less financial costs, moreover, alternatives make it possible to detect the toxicity of the tested drugs at a deeper level-cell and sometimes subcellular.”
An even more promising alternative to experimental medicine is the appearance of naturopathy, which eliminates the need for testing an endless string of medicines that destroy the defenses of the body and offers its own approach to human health. This approach is aimed at preventing diseases and normalizing metabolic processes. Another alternative is homeopathy, which trains human immunity (naturopathy and homeopathy do not use animals for experiments).
Beauty without cruelty!
Not tested on animals
Hand animals experience not only drugs, but also cosmetics, construction and packaging materials, cleaning products and other products. Animals breathe vapors of a substance whose concentration is so great that most of the animals die from poisoning. Industrial test Dryza for cosmetics (mascara, lipstick, etc.) is as follows. Animals in full consciousness are put on the eye of the test substance and wait until the corneal damage occurs. The head of the rabbit is firmly fixed with a special collar, and the animal can not even rub with the paw of the eye, which corrodes the applied preparation. Often the test ends with the cornea becoming cloudy, the eye dying.
Abroad, the movement “Beauty without cruelty”, which supports cosmetics made without animal products and not tested on animals, unfolded. The goods of these firms have the sign: “Not tested on animals”, “Cruelty free” (“the product in the manufacture of which the cruelty towards animals” was not shown), or the image of a rabbit against the background of a triangle or circled in a circle. The goods of such firms appeared in Russia.
A man with his ingenuity could long ago reduce his need to use animals without harming his health and well-being. To solve the problem of testing on animals, it is possible by adopting the Federal Law “On cruel treatment of animals”, financing specialists who develop alternatives to animal experiments and the introduction of a new discipline of bioethics (the science of respect for everything living) in Russian universities as a compulsory subject.