Nepal is the 98th largest country of cigarette consumption annually per capita (511.6) in the whole world. In developing countries like Nepal, tobacco interest groups, academia, Ministries of Health, and advocates who are against the tobacco believe strongly that there should be reduction of tobacco consumption. The only most cost-effective approach appliance in order to accomplish the goal is the tobacco taxes. Despite the fact that tobacco industry and its consumption adversely affects the health and environment around, policies made to address this problem results in conflicts among the policy makers in a sense that policy made can be ineffective. The government uses different tools for the guidance to support their policy while keeping in mind the perspective of politicians, public health advocates, and consumers.
Government plays vital role in reducing the risk and harms of tobacco production and consumption. They make major changes to the wellbeing and community health through the responsibilities and roles performed by them. Government is encouraged to make several strategic approach and significant contributions toward reducing the tobacco related harms, social, financial and health costs of tobacco within the workplaces and in the community. Different strategies and approach that the government undertakes are such as:
• Imposing certain types of tax:
Tax such as excise duty, value added tax, sales tax, emissions tax and more are imposed on the tobacco industry so as to reduce certain impacts that harms community and wellbeing.
• Act as a service provider:
Through this government can make people aware about the health matters and can implement initiatives and community education to foster social norms with the vision to motivate smokers to quit smoking and resisting starters.
• Tobacco control interventions:
Government take several interventions in order to restrict and reduce the impact of tobaccos by promoting healthy livings.
• Programs held by mass media in tobacco control:
Various campaigns are held through mass media for prevention of smoking initiation. The media channels commonly include dangers of second hand smoke, health consequences, manipulation of tobacco industry and the deterioration of acceptability of smoking socially in their themes to raise awareness through television, radio, newspaper, and billboards.
• Comprising of members:
Members from relevant government ministries like NGOs, WHO, and civil society in order to prevent the harm caused by tobacco and its consumption.