In Abraham Lincoln’s second inaugural address

In Abraham Lincoln’s second inaugural address (1864) argues for the purpose of reuniting the South with the North, as well as claiming the war was initially caused by slavery. Using personification of the “nation” and the “war” Lincoln creates a space where the impact of blame for the start of the war is alleviated. Also by using repetition, parallelism, and biblical allusion Lincoln aligns his authority with God in order to negotiate the end of the conflict and suggest that the “nation” has suffered enough. With a main focus and determined cause, Lincoln effectively manages to create a rhetorical space by which the South can rejoin the union as well as appeal to Northern audiences who have lost many lives and resources in the war so far; the speech is a reminder that sometimes peace is the most difficult thing to keep out of the conflict.