However, Historians like Christopher Hill declare that The Red Terror and the CHEKA were important rulings to shield against instability and were forced upon during certain circumstances. The historian Marcel Liebman states that Lenin’s motives were ‘to defend the soviet power against the attacks of counter revolutionaries’. This is evident in the creation of The Red Terror, which was a result of an attempt to murder Lenin and this gave him the initiative to defend himself through the creation of The Red Terror. Therefore, The Red Terror was arguably a necessary retaliation to the opposition Lenin faced as a leader. Thus, Lenin could not be seen as a dictator; Lenin established The Red Terror because of threat to his position and so The Red Terror was merely a response. Lenin’s reaction was simply like any other regime facing opposition would have taken.


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