Gropu

Gropu:2
Jenish patel
Pankti patel
0198656
PROF: Dr. donna Tennyson
Annotated bibliography:
Robert Kraut, Michael Patterson, Vicki Landmark, Sara Kiesler, Tridas Mukopadhyay, and William Scherlis. “Internet Paradox”. American Psychological Association,1998, Vol. 53, No. 9, 1017-1031.
Retrieved from http://kraut.hciresearch.org/sites/kraut.hciresearch.org/files/articles/kraut98-InternetParadox.pdf This article discusses on the Internet is for betterness or harm to community
life and social relationships. This research examined the social and psychological impact of the internet on 169 people in 73 housekeepers during their first 1 to 3 years on-line. If people use Intermit primarily for entertainment and information, the Internet’s social effects might resemble those of television. The research described here uses longitudinal data to examine the causal relationship between people’s use of the Internet, their social involvement, and certain likely psychological consequences of social involvement. data analysis examined how changes in people’s use of the Internet over 12 to 24 months was associated with changes in their social involvement and psychological well-being. Loneliness, stress and depression is the main result of the study. The findings of this research provide a surprisingly consistent picture of the consequences of using the Internet and Greater use of the Internet was associated with small, but statistically significant declines in social involvement as measured by communication within the family and the size of people’ s local social networks and with increases in loneliness a psychological state associated with social involvement.

Annotated bibliography:2
Cengiz Shahin,( December, 2014), An Analysis of the Relationship between Internet Addiction and Depression Levels of High School Students: Participatory Educational Research (PER),2014, Vol. 1(2), pp. 53-67.

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Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED552756.pdfThis article discusses the concept of internet addiction refers to the over use of internet which in turn causes various problems in individual, social and professional aspects. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between depression and internet addiction in terms of grades, sex, the existence of internet connection at home and time spent on internet. The study group consisted of 369 adolescents from three high schools of different socio-economic background. Data was collected by means of “Personal Information Form” and “Internet Addiction Scale” and “Beck Depression Inventory”. it is indicated that the age group 13-19 generally use internet in order to play computer games, listen to music and meet new friends (Ata, Akp?nar & Kelleci, 2011). In that study analyzing the relationship between adolescents’ internet addiction and their depression levels in terms of grades, sex, the existence of internet connection at home and time spent on internet, the following result have been established that the internet addiction and depression scores of the adolescents are low and the internet addiction levels of ninth and tenth grade students with compared to the eleventh grade ones; of males with compared to females; of those having computer at home with compared to the ones having no internet at home and of the ones spending much more time on internet with compared to those spending less time have been found to be higher
Annotated bibliography: 3
Suhail Ahmad Bhat, Muzafar Hussain Kawa. A Study of Internet Addiction and Depression among University Students. International Journal of Behavioral Research ; Psychology (IJBRP), June 13, 2015, 3(4), 105-108,
Retrieved by http://scidoc.org/IJBRP.php This article discusses on The present study is an attempt to assess internet addiction and depression among university students. The sample in the study consisted of one hundred thirty university students out of which 70 were males and 60 were females who were selected on the purposive basis from the main campus of Kashmir University. The internet is a new tool that is evolving into an essential part of everyday life all over the world 17 and its use increases especially among young people. The study is based on the sample of 130 university students enrolled in various post-graduate programs at the Kashmir University, Kashmir. Out of 130 university students 70 were males and 60 were females. The results of the study further reveal that there is a significant difference among University students on internet addiction and depression with respect to their gender. The earlier research on depression among university has mixed results. For example Blazer, Kessler, McGonagle,Swartz, 1994; and Regier, Farmer, Rae, Myers, Kramer, Robins 1993 found that prevalence of depression, the life time risk of depression and anxiety are higher in woman than in their male counterparts.
Annotated bibliography:4
Osman Gunay, Ahmet Ozturk1 ,Ebru Ergun Arslantas1 ,Nergiz Sevinc, 2018, Internet Addiction and Depression Levels in Erinyes University Students, The Journal of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences. Volume 31, Number 1, March 2018
Retrieved from http://www.dusunenadamdergisi.org/ing This descriptive study was carried out in 2015 at School of Medicine, School of Engineering, and School of Economics and Administrative Sciences (SEAS) affiliated to Erinyes University. Internet addiction, which has been named as ‘pathological Internet use, excessive Internet use, or inappropriate Internet use’, is yet to be defined as disorder.The relationship between age and IAS scores was statistically significant in the study group; the risk of Internet addiction was found to be higher among
students under 20 years of age.

Annotated bibliography:5
Shelia R. Cotten , George Ford b , Sherry Ford, Internet use and depression among older adults.

Department of Sociology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 13 November 2011.

Retrieved by https://www.dhi.ac.uk/san/waysofbeing/data/health-jones-cotten-2012.pdf This article is on Internet use and depression among older adults. impact of Internet use on well-being are mixed and studies are often criticized due to small samples and lack of consistency in measurement. Fewer studies have examined this issue among older adults. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Internet use and depression among retired Americans age 50 years or older. Using data from the Health and Retirement Survey, the study estimates the relationship between Internet use and depression through combined
use of regression and propensity score methodologies.

Literature review:1
Review of the Literature
The following pages contain a review of the literature related to the A Study of Internet Addiction and Depression among University Students. This literature review focuses on effect on a student who use social media every day and effect of that on them health and mental health.
Documentation
The scholarly literature used for this study was obtained from International Journal of Behavioral Research ; Psychology. Additional information used for this study was obtained from peer reviewed journals, government websites and publications and published.
Internet Addiction
There were several articles available about adverse effects of internet on human mind. There is a similar incidence of depression among individuals addicted to the internet and of internet addiction among depressive patients. Depression manifests as deep sorrow or grief, insomnia, loss of appetite, unpleasant mood, hopelessness, irritability, self-dislike, and suicidal tendencies.

Depression
Research on internet addiction and depression demonstrated that the overuse of the internet, which results in a disruption of the normal lives of an individual and the people around him, was associated with an increase in the frequency of depression. excessive internet use can
displace valuable time that people spend with family and friends,which leads to smaller social circles and higher levels of loneliness and stress.

Literature review:2
Review of the Literature
The following pages contain a review of the literature related to the A Social Technology That Reduces Social Involvement and Psychological Well-Being. This literature review focuses on effect on a student who use social media every day and effect of that on them health and mental health.
Documentation
The scholarly literature used for this study was obtained from the American Psychological Association. Additional information used for this study was obtained from peer reviewed journals, government websites and publications and published.
Internet for Interpersonal Communication
The Internet, like its network predecessors (Sproull ;Kiesler, 1991), has turned out to be far more social than television, and in this respect, the impact of the Internet may be more like that of the telephone than of TV. Our research has shown that interpersonal communication is the
dominant use of the Internet at home (Kraut, Mukhopadhyay, Szczypula, Kiesler, ; Scherlis, 1998). Generally, strong personal ties are supported by physical proximity. People often use the Internet to keep up with those whom they have preexisting relationships.

Internet usage
Software recorded the total hours in a week in which a participant connected to the Internet.

Electronic mail and the World Wide Web were the major applications that participants used on the Internet and account for most of their time on-line. For the analyses we report here,
we averaged weekly Internet hours over the period in which each participant had access to the Internet, from the pretest up to the time he or she completed the follow up questionnaire. Our analyses use the log of the variable to normalize the distribution.

Literature review: 3
Review of the Literature
The following pages contain a review of the literature related to the Internet addiction and depression, anxiety, and stress. This literature review focuses on effect on a student who use social media every day and effect of that on them health and mental health.
Documentation
The scholarly literature used for this study was obtained from International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, Additional information used for this study was obtained from peer reviewed journals, government websites and publications and published.

Internet Affect
The excessive growth of the internet has had a huge influence on psychological research in understanding its role in emotional states and there has been increased interest in the addictive potential of the internet (Griffiths, 1998). Internet addiction also may contribute to anxiety and stress. Those who suffer from anxiety and stress often have a great deal of trouble in communicating and interacting with others in a healthy, positive, and meaningful way.

The depression anxiety stress scale (DASS).

Depression, anxiety, and stress were measured by using a Turkish version of the DASS (Lovibond ; Lovibond, 1995). Turkish adaptation of the DASS had been done by Akin and Cetin (2007). The DASS is a 42-item self-report inventory that provides scores on three subscales: Depression, anxiety, and stress.

Literature review: 4
Review of the Literature
The following pages contain a review of the literature Internet Addiction and
Depression Levels in Erciyes University Students. This literature review focuses on effect on a student who use social media every day and effect of that on them health and mental health.
Documentation
The scholarly literature used for this study was obtained from The Journal of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences 2018,Additional information used for this study was obtained from peer reviewed journals, government websites and publications and published.

Older adults
Elders are the highest population who using the social media, and internet every day. Once they use to with internet they started abusing. Overall more they use the internet more the mental disease are created.

Depression
Depressive symptomology is based on an eight-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale. Internet use reduces the probability of a depression categorization
for older adults by about 20–28%. The effects of Internet use on depression are large and positive, resolving, at least to some extent,
Literature review:5
Review of the Literature
The following pages contain a review of the literature Internet use and depression among older adults. This literature review focuses on effect on a student who use social media every day and effect of that on them health and mental health.
Documentation
The scholarly literature used for this study was obtained from journal homepage of Elsevier additional information used for this study was obtained from peer reviewed journals, government websites and publications and published.

METHOD
This descriptive study was carried out in 2015 at School of Medicine, School of Engineering, and School of Economics and Administrative Sciences (SEAS) affiliated to Erciyes University. It has been considered that the depressive symptom rate in university students may be about 25% (12).Minimum sample size was calculated as 1190 by taking Confidence level as 0.95 and tolerance value as 0.025.

Reference:
Young KS. Internet addiction: a new clinical phenomenon and its consequences. Am Behav Sci 2004; 48:402-415.

Baser, O. (2006). Too much ado about propensity score models? Comparing methods of propensity score matching. Value in Health, 9(6), 377–385.

Armstrong L, Phillips J, Saling L (2000) Potential determinants of heavier internet usage. Int J Human-Computer Studies 53(4): 537-550.

Anderson, R. H., Bikson, T. K., Law, S. A., ; Mitchell, B. M. (Eds.).

(1995). Universal access to e-mail: Feasibility and societal implications.

Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.

Ak?n, A., ; Çetin, B., 2007. Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS): The study of validity and reliability. Educational Science: Theory ; Practice 7(1), 241-268.

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