Fear and love seem to be key in leadership. If one can get people to fear them, it’s a way to get tons of *productive* work done. Fear is a natural response to danger, and it takes people to a ‘survival mode’, where they only do enough to not face what they fear.
A ruler needs to maintain a positive public image and please as many of the population as possible. It is impossible to please everyone whether you are an effective or ineffective ruler, but maintaining the support of the majority of the masses is of paramount concern in being a successful leader.
Machiavelli says that a ruler must be a combination of a fox and a lion. A ruler needs to have the cunning mind of a fox but also needs to have the strength of a lion so that he can destroy anyone who opposes him.
On the other hand, Love is much more irrational, and it makes people do (sometimes) stupid things. Like, going to a battle even if they fear it – but they love the leader and / or the feeling of accomplishment / purpose, so they do it anyway. “A commander loved by his soldiers will defeat a commander feared by his soldiers in almost all battles”.
The reason for this is simple: humans will support someone they love most of the time, but that love is limited as a motivation: other loves, and dangers, can cause the subjects to no longer support the ruler. A ruler that is loved is loved only as long as that love can lead to gain for the subjects: once their power weakens, their subjects quickly forget their love.
Fear-based cultures foster short-term thinking: you become defensive, seek to avoid confrontation or reprisal and focus on eliminating any threats instead of working together.
On the contrary, fear will prevent man from acting against their own interest. It is far easier to keep them in line with the prince’s wishes when the threat of punishment is laid bare. Since people value their lives and properties, as long as the prince doesn’t impinge on those BUT makes it clear that he at any moment could, they will capitulate.
In the Prince, Niccolo Machiavelli goes into depth about how its better to be feared than loved. He states that “Well, one would like to be both; but its difficult for one person to be both feared and loved, and when a choice has to be made, it is safer to be feared”. I disagree with Machiavelli that it is better to be feared than to be loved. Being feared eventually wears off whiles being loved is always a feeling that will be there. There are many reasons why one will disagree with Machiavelli. First of all, it is better to be loved than feared. Sometimes being feared will help someone get what they want, but with fear, feelings of resentment and hate can be found.
It will also nurture subversive thoughts of revenge and other malicious intent. Just like the TV show “Gossip Girl”, the mail character Blair and Sarina go back and forth seeking revenge over each other because one has more then the other. They are always in constant battle against each other. Fear must be used in a tightly controlled and insistent fashion or it will fail. To be loved, however, nurtures caring, loyalty, kindness and other positive binding and giving emotions.
It can spawn jealousy in some, but overall it is a much better relationship to have with other people. Fear can cause people to retaliate and eventually disappear. In the article, “Leadership and the fear factor”, the authors state “Emotions like love and fear, trust and mistrust, can play a significant role in whether a leader gains followers.” This concludes that typical leaders or anyone in the society gain followers by having trust and love. On a more of personal relationship, I would rather be loved, because to have everyone show fear towards each other, would mean you have no intimate relations with anyone and that is not true living. Franklin P. Jones once said, “Love doesn’t make the world go round.
Without followers, a leader has no true power or influence over society. in my opinion it is that idea that causes the authority to give into the pressure of the people. Since, a leader needs followers to remain as a leader, a great deal of pressure is placed onto the leader to keep his/her followership. When the people are happy the leader remains in power, but when the people are unhappy the leader loses power. Also, if a leader acts in a way that displeases the people, he/she will lose respect among the people. This creates pressure and conflict for the leader, because he/she must please the people to remain in power. The reason why the protagonist shot the elephant is because he realized that he needed to please the people to remain as a leader and authority figure.
Being feared can cause a mass of destruction, but being loved by people can cause a healthier relationship between others and the society. In conclusion, people who are loved are more valued than being feared. Whether people are of high authority or just a common citizen, it is better for people to be loved than feared. Having hatred towards others or yourself will only cause loneliness and heartache. For example, Adolf Hitler, the dictator of Nazi Germany during the World War II, may have had many people support him. However Hitler caused only hatred and brought a lot of destruction. on a further note, being loved is better than being feared. Love has a stronger connection than fear.