Education assistant plays an important role in the school. SEA follows the direction of the teacher and works according to the plans described by the teacher. The person who had interviewed work in the adapted program. Her program specializes in teaching skills as well as behaviour management to help the students to be independent, succeed in academic, and behaviour management. She works according to the goals described in the IEP. Every day she has a schedule and topics to work on with the student. She works in school district 40 in a middle school. She has three SEA’s in her program, and all are on one on one assistance. All are working with the same goal, for the success of the students and work under the direction of the teacher. She follows the adapted program and implements various strategies to accommodate the student needs. She attends IEP meeting and gathers all relevant information about the student to provide feedback. Her cohort works on life skills and self-regulation techniques. She observes and records the student’s success, strengths, and needs on the daily basis. Another SEA provides support to non-verbal student in the academic. She also uses the various strategies for adaptations and carries out an informal assessment to assist the teacher to develop student profile. There are three SEA’s in the adapted program and all are on one on one assistance. Each has a student and they support three students. The students have the developmental disorder of autism, and one student is the nonverbal. She described that they give the reward to the student when the student is happy. They try to avoid the behaviour when the student is upset. She allows 5-minute computer break, which is very important to escalate the behaviour. Adaptations are the different strategies that are beneficial for the student learning (Stenberg college, 2017). Students on the adapted program are assessed using the standards for the course and can receive full credit for their work (B.C Ministry, 2009). Firstly, she described that the adaptations she made is by altering the arrangements in the classroom. For example, her student finds hard to learn in large group size, then she let the student work in the group of three when most of the student work in the group of six or more. Moreover, her class teacher adds the variety of small group work in the classroom and she provide support to the student individually. Secondly, change the methods and materials of learning. When teacher delivers a new lesson, she plans a different method to the student to absorb the material. For instance, incorporate visual aids such as videos, graphics, charts, pictures, or concrete objects. She tries to make the content simple and easy by giving the student enhanced text in which important parts highlight or enlarge text size. The third type of adaptation is made by teacher, alter the assessment methods. Her student requires extra time during the exam and are not comfortable in writing down the answers. Hence, teacher try to change the methods of assessment, for example, allow her student to give verbal response, instead of writing down the answers, open book exams is other adaptations where the student can understand the concepts and apply them in the exam to answer the questions. Moreover, teacher provide additional time during the exam. Allows the use of calculators in the math exam. She mentioned some other adaptations such as use alternative formats to deliver the lessons to the students such as audio, braille and large print version of the learning material.
SEA work with the teacher who supports students with special needs. The support they provide includes behaviour management, academic success, social skills development, and personal care (Stenberg college, 2017). They update themselves with the new technology to support students by applying various strategies. They have a behaviour plan and use various calm down strategies for the high behaviour students. Firstly, schools are providing one on one education assistant for the special need students. SEA help children to develop life and social skills so that they become able to interact with their classmates and society. Secondly, there is a school-based team in each school which assess the student progress, develop new strategies and create IEP for the student future success. Moreover, there are various programs available for the special need students such as learning support, behaviour support, and low incident programs. Schools adapt and modify the curriculum according to the need of the student (Stenberg college, 2017). There are two surprising things are that boys have more learning disabilities than girls and special need students can study in colleges for higher education. Therefore, one question left unanswered in the interview is, which calms down strategies an SEA can use for the students who have high behaviour.