Eduardo III De Vera Associate

Eduardo III De Vera
Associate (La Salette)
Issue: Garbage
Solution: Solid Waste Management Act (Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000)
Mainly in these act it focuses the theory and practice of resource conservation, recovery, segregation at source and recycling. of solid waste.
Part of Education in the Issue:
Under these act all government or public offices and private offices including school should strictly follow the said act. Every student should be aware of proper handling, segregation and disposal of solid waste.
Under RA 9003 DepEd is mandated to integrate environmental concerns in the school curricula, with emphasis on the theory and practice of resource conservation, recovery, segregation at source and recycling.

“A storage and transaction area for recyclables will be set up in schools and an incentive system for students to exchange recyclable wastes will be established. Biodegradable wastes, meanwhile, will be composted in support of the National Greening Program.”
The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), through the Environmental Management Bureau, shall lead in the planning, implementation and monitoring of the program and provide technical and funding support to DepEd to enable the schools and the LGUs to effectively implement the program.

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Segregation:

Ecological solid waste management shall refer to the systematic administration of activities which provide for segregation at source, segregated transportation, storage, transfer, processing, treatment, and disposal of solid waste and all other waste management activities which do not harm the environment. Environmentally acceptable shall refer to the quality of being re-usable, biodegradable or compostable, recyclable and not toxic or hazardous to the environment.
Opportunity to recycle shall refer to the act of providing a place for collecting source-separated recyclable material, located either at a disposal site or at another location more convenient to the population being served, and collection at least once a month of source-separated recyclable material from collection service customers and to providing a public education and promotion program that gives notice to each person of the opportunity to recycle and encourage source separation of recyclable material.

Receptacles shall refer to individual containers used for the source separation and the collection of recyclable materials. Recovered material shall refer to material and by products that have been recovered or diverted from solid waste for the purpose of being collected, processed and used as a raw material in the manufacture of a recycled product.
Recyclable material shall refer to any waste material retrieved from the waste stream and free from contamination that can still be converted into suitable beneficial use or for other purposes, including, but not limited to, newspaper, ferrous scrap metal, non-ferrous scrap metal, used oil, corrugated cardboard, aluminum, glass, office paper, tin cans and other materials as may be determined by the Commission. Recycled material shall refer to post-consumer material that has been recycled and returned to the economy.

Recycling shall refer to the treating of used or waste materials through a process of making them suitable for beneficial use and for other purposes, and includes any process by which solid waste materials are transformed into new products in such a manner that the original product may lose their identity, and which maybe used as raw materials for the production of other goods or services: Provided, That the collection, segregation and re-use of previously used packaging material shall be deemed recycling under this Act.

Segregation shall refer to a solid waste management practice of separating different materials found in solid waste in order to promote recycling and re-use of resources and to reduce the volume of waste for collection and disposal. Segregation at source shall refer to a solid waste management practice of separating, at the point of origin, different materials found in solid waste in order to promote recycling and re-use of resources and to reduce the volume of waste for collection and disposal.

Infectious waste from hospitals such as equipment, instruments, utensils, and fomites of a disposable nature from patients who are suspected to have or have been diagnosed as having communicable diseases and must therefore be isolated as required by public health agencies, laboratory wastes such as pathological specimens (i.e. all tissues, specimens of blood elements, excreta, and secretions obtained from patients or laboratory animals) and disposable fomites that may harbor or transmit pathogenic organisms, and surgical operating room pathologic materials from outpatient areas and emergency rooms.

Solid waste management shall refer to the discipline associated with the control of generation, storage, collection, transfer and transport, processing, and disposal of solid wastes in a manner that is in accord with the best principles of public health, economics, engineering, conservation, aesthetics, and other environmental considerations, and that is also responsive to public attitudes.
Solid waste management facility shall refer to any resource recovery system or component thereof; any system, program, or facility for resource conservation; any facility for the collection, source separation, storage, transportation, transfer, processing, treatment, or disposal of solid waste. Source reduction shall refer to the reduction of solid waste before it enters the solid waste stream by methods such as product design, materials substitution, materials re-use and packaging restrictions. Source separation shall refer to the sorting of solid waste into some or all of its component parts at the point of generation.
Special wastes shall refer to household hazardous wastes such as paints, thinners, household batteries, lead-acid batteries, spray canisters and the like. These include wastes from residential and commercial sources that comprise of bulky wastes, consumer electronics, white goods, yard wastes that are collected separately, batteries, oil, and tires. These wastes are usually handled separately from other residential and commercial wastes.

The solution for this issue is to have some activities that will tackle the solid waste management in order for the students to know how to segregate properly the recyclable and non-recyclable materials. The teacher should conduct an activity for his/her students to improve their skills in recycling things which is good for the environment we belong.

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