A Proposed Case Study on How Classroom Designs Affect Students’ Learning A Research Proposal Submitted to The School of Architecture Industrial Design and the Built Environment Mapua Institute of Technology In partial fulfilment of the requirement for AR 134

A Proposed Case Study on
How Classroom Designs Affect Students’ Learning
A Research Proposal
Submitted to
The School of Architecture Industrial Design and the Built Environment
Mapua Institute of Technology
In partial fulfilment of the requirement for
AR 134: Architectural Research Methods
Submitted by
Lexter Jason R. Chavez
on
June 19, 2018
Proposed Topic
This research proposal talks about how classroom design affects the students learning.

Introduction

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A huge amount of time in a child’s life is spent sitting in a school classroom. This is where they learn and develop their skills to be able to grow and be prepared for what the future brings. The classroom is where they will be able to hone their abilities and talents that they will be needing in order for them to achieve their goals in life. This is where they will gain an understanding of their place in the world and the things that they have to offer it. With the classroom having such an important role in a child’s life, it is important to comprehend the ways how it can be designed in a way where it can give a maximum effectiveness and be conducive in a student’s learning.
This research proposal tackles about the ways on how a classroom can be outlined in a way where students can achieve their maximum potential. School serves as a huge role in a students’ success. Even the environment can make an impact where the students learn and it helps students thrive.

Background
Education system in the Philippines had undergone several stages and development over the years. From informal-based to classroom-based type of studying, it has been developed to cater the needs of the students and the environment. Typical classrooms today have the desks aligned not in columns but in rows with the classrooms. This system of arrangement has been the layout of classrooms over the years. But based on studies, this type of arrangement seems to make students lose focus and creates a higher number of disruptions in the classroom. It focuses on individual completing of the work of the students. It does not encourage students to interact and to work together. We all want attention and we can get it by working together and to be able to be more accurate by putting not just one mind on a single work but as a group.

Physical environment of the classroom can make a noticeable impact on how students can be successful. It is just one of many variety that can be helpful to a student. Many factors can play a single role to determine if the classroom will be a good environment for learning. Each and every aspect is important to help students learn and most of all be successful. Different aspects can contribute less but if all or most of it are put together it will be a large effect to the students, it will result to a stronger work to strengthen the student abilities and to explore their mind.

It all sums up to the crucial role in coping the students to be attentive and engaged with the classroom environment allowing them to learn together to motivate them within its environment. Instructors can also help to fix or to modify different aspects to make it more engaged and helpful for the success of each and every student. Different ways such as student orientation, different assignments, the desk arrangements, chair patterns. Within the classroom it will result to a engaged environment and overtime they will adapt different ideas and mindset of each student resulting to a learning environment.
Review of Related Literature

The study found that by changing some basic factors that schools could increase student’s learning by 16% in a single year. (Journal Building and Environment 2015)
“The most powerful impact is made by the physical design of the particular classroom in which they spend such a vitally important time with their teacher.” (John Coe 2015)
Rearranging the rows of desks into grouped configurations improves all of the following aspects of learning which are active involvement, collaboration, focus, in-class feedback, real-life scenarios, opportunity to engage, stimulations, different learning methods. (Steelcase 2015)
increase in their engagement (84%), higher grade capabilities (72%), classroom motivation (72%), and classroom creativity (77%). Most faculty members reported the students attentiveness and engagement (98%), exceptional students increase in learning (100%). Moderate to exceptional increase of grades (68%), and a moderate to exceptional increase to attend class (88%). (Steelcase 2015)
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Research questions
How much impact can classroom designs attribute to the learning of the students?
What are the implications, may it be positive or negative, that classroom design concepts have to the students?
How many students can be accommodated in a new classroom design concept without causing other problems like overcrowding?
What classroom design is the best approach to avoid sub-problems like overcrowding and lack of classroom availability?
How much increase in percentage can classroom design contributes to students’ progress?
What are the other things to be considered in adapting a new classroom design concept that will increase more the progress and learning of the students?
Research Objectives
The aim of this project is to:
Find out how will the design of a single classroom affect the students learning.

This paper also aims to find out the qualitative analysis and factors that will affect or affecting the students learning
It also aims to find out how many students can be accommodated without overcrowding with the new design.

The negative and positive effects of the new classroom design to the students and how can it affect
Methodology
In this research I indicated both a Qualitative and a Quantitative methods of research approach to assess and understand the problem. I analyzed the data’s that I’ve gathered and researched on review of related literature to support my topic and data resulting to defend and provide the evidence to make this topic/research effective.

Related literatures and studies help in order to formulate the best design that will be implemented in schools. This will also help to provide facts and evidence that will support the proposed study. It will help in the development and assessment of classroom designs and may help bring raise awareness to everyone that the learning of the students should not only be based on the subjects and their studies, but the school should also help them and take every precaution necessary to make the school more conducive to learning.

Research Significance
This research is merely about the importance of classroom designs and layout specially towards the students learning. The problem is not just how students can survive in schools but how can schools help the students to be more hard-working and motivated. Identifying how and analyzing the designs that are fit in the country and in the students will help in the students’ career and will make them more focus in to what they want to really achieve in life. Making the designs more conducive will hopefully encourage them to work harder knowing that the environment they’re at helps them to be so. This research is also significant to the teachers because with the help of the designs of the classrooms, the students will be more motivated, thus, giving them an easier task to support the students. It is also significant to the parents, most especially, because they will not have a hard time making their children go to school.
Timetable
Task Week
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Think of a research proposal topic Prepare for a bulleted work plan Research and data gathering Develop items for survey and interview Conduct survey and interview Translate outcomes of survey and interview Organize data Review and analysis Write first draft Revisions and Proof reading Write final revision Research Submission Bibliography
Erlauer, L (2003). The brain compatible classroom: Using what we know about learning to improve teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Jankowska, M (2007). Use of creative space in enhancing students’ engagement. Innovations in Educations and Teaching International.
Kahu, E, (2011), Framing student engagement in higher education. Studies in Higher Education, DOI: 10.1080/03075079.2011.598505.

National Survey of Student Engagement. (2012). Promoting student learning and institutional improvement: lessons from NSSE at 13. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research.

https://envoplan.co.uk/education-news/how-does-classroom-design-affect-student-learninghttp://www.connectingelements.com/our-blog/how-classroom-design-affects-learninghttp://thebrainflux.com/classroom-design-affects-student-learning/https://smithsystem.com/smithfiles/2014/07/23/classroom-design-affects-student-learning/

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