190500317500Philippine Normal University The National Center for Teacher Education College of Graduate Studies and Teacher Education Research A Rhetoric Discourse Analysis of State-of-the-Nation Address in Philippines Submitted to Cecilia F

190500317500Philippine Normal University
The National Center for Teacher Education
College of Graduate Studies and Teacher Education Research
A Rhetoric Discourse Analysis of State-of-the-Nation Address in Philippines
Submitted to
Cecilia F. Genuino, Ph. D.

Professor
Submitted by
Rio B. Alajar
MAEd – English Language Teaching
September 4, 2018
INTRODUCTION
This paper reviews on A Rhetoric Discourse Analysis of State-of-the-Nation Address in Philippines. It also aims to understand the importance of state of the nation address.
It is hoped that this study will have political relevance to individuals and organizations by revealing both rhetorical and linguistic elements contained in the SONA that make them a type of presidential discourse not only for the persuasion of a citizenry about the state of a nation at a given time, but also as speech that could conceal power differentials and biases of president as a leader.
Within the scope of this study, I used the strategies which pointed out to the inclusive and exclusive uses of the first-person English pronoun “we” as these show association and dissociation of audiences. Also, I focus on the expressive values of the speech of the president that would tell us much about the positive and negative associations of the words he had used.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Further, regarding rhetorical strategies, I focus on Aristotle’s rhetoric analysis. It becomes useful in a study as this which seeks to investigate how the president include or exclude his audiences depending on what type of rhetoric is relevant for his own purposes.

Analysis of pronouns in the political interview argues that the pronouns can best be understood in terms of how they are being used interactionally, rather than having fixed basic referential and deictic properties (Sacks 1992: Volumes 1 and 2, Schegloff 1996 and Watson 1987).

Broadly speaking there are two different types of analysis, either from the perspective of the analyst (Bennett 1995, Bull 1994, Bull and Mayer 1993, Bramley 1997, Harris 1991) or from the perspective of the interviewee (Clayman 1993, Clayman and Heritage 2002, Greatbatch 1986, Greatbatch 1992).

Andrus (2013) has emphasized that while discourse analysis focuses on the micro details of texts, rhetoric concerns itself with macro processes, that is “speaker authority, audience response, persuasion and other effects of texts, the rhetor’s goals, contextually situated interaction, and the like” (p. 4976), and thus could be usefully employed in an approach she calls Rhetorical Discourse Analysis (RDA). Although both rhetorical analysis and linguistic analysis focus on micro details, they seem to have different goals in focusing on such details: rhetoric, on lexical items geared towards persuasion, and CDA, on those linguistic details aimed at the exercise of power. The RDA approach used here combines the focus of both rhetoric and CDA in a complementary manner.
Andrus’ RDA is in tandem with van Leeuven’s (2005) integrationist model of interdisciplinarity, in which “the component disciplines of rhetoric and (critical) discourse analysis … play specific, complementary roles in a larger whole” (p. 15).

Babbie and Mouton (2004:495) point out that discourse analysis is a complex process that is better suited to those who are interested in theorizing about life. Merriel Bloor (2007) underline that “central to CDA is the understanding that discourse is an integral aspect of power and control. Power is held by both institutions and individuals in contemporary society and any challenge to the status quo challenges those who hold power.” In this sense, CDA’s main areas of inquiry are: political discourse, media, advertisement, ideology, racism, institutional discourse.
According to Fairclough (1993:135), critical discourse analysis (CDA) aims to systematically explore often opaque relationships of causality and determination between discursive practices, events and texts, and wider social and cultural structures, relations and processes. It has to do with the investigation of how such practices, events and texts arise out of and are ideologically shaped by relations of power and struggle and how the opacity of this relationship between discourse and society is itself a factor securing power and hegemony (Fairclough 1999:135).
Chilton (2004), for instance, has argued that language is a major means by which political actors share a common view with their audience regarding “what is useful-harmful, good-evil, just-unjust” (p. 199). To Chilton, political discourse focuses on representation, by which political actors employ language to legitimize their positions and justify their actions. This connection between language and politics becomes significant in analyses that seek to understand how discourses are represented, produced and reproduced.

To associate with and dissociate from audiences in political discourse, speakers include audience members affiliated to their political ideology, and exclude others who are outside their ideological group. As Wieczorek (2013) notes, “human ability to affiliate with other sic and differentiate self from other sic constitutes a salient aspect of a group’s existence and organization” (p. 11). She explains further that individuals are excluded so that the status of majority groups can be preserved.
Several articles in Johnstone and Eisenhart’s (2008) volume, Rhetoric in Detail, have emphasized this connection between rhetoric and discourse analysis. In the introductory chapter to the volume, Eisenhart and Johnstone contend that “the approaches to discourse analysis we offer and exemplify in this book are meant to illustrate the many productive ways close attention to language can pay off for rhetoricians” (2008, p. 14).
In the first sentence of The Rhetoric, Aristotle states that rhetoric is the counterpart of dialectic” (Aristotle. 1984b). Dialectical reasoning seeks to discover general truths from common opinions. Rhetoric allows the speaker to communicate these truth claims to others (Aristotle. 1984b). Aristotle claims that treatises on forensic (legal) and epideictic (ceremonial) rhetoric typically fail to recognize rhetoric’s affinity to dialectic.
Consequently, they say nothing about enthymemes (Aristotle. 1984b), which make up the “body” of truly persuasive speech (Aristotle. 1984b). Enthymemes are rhetorical demonstrations that resemble syllogisms in that they approximate logical deductions. Aristotle argues that enthymemes, like syllogisms, appeal to the listener’s “natural instinct for what is true” (Aristotle. 1984b). Hence, notwithstanding Plato’s claims, rhetoric appeals to faculty of reason and has the potential to communicate the truth. The data for the analysis will be the selected SONA of the president.

Zarefsky (2004) argues that it is a means by which a president defines social and political reality and the contexts by which citizens come to understand this reality (p. 611).
I hope that this study would help other researchers to give attention to this matter.
METHODOLOGY
The data for the study consists of SONA by President Duterte. The speech is the 2018 SONA of the president. I chose the speech based on the limitations and lengths of this study. In that regard, I chose the third SONA by President Duterte.
Duterte’s SONA lasted around 50 minutes and he mostly read the 16-pages prepared speech on Monday, July 23. While 50 minutes is still 15 minutes longer than his original promise of “not more than 35 minutes.

This study used the rhetoric and Critical Discourse Analysis. I searched for all the occurrences of “we” in the SONA, I also analyze the speech through inclusivity and exclusivity with the help of “we.”
The analyses are excerpts from the speech, and follow the format, excerpt-paragraph-line. Also, it is included there the excerpt from the introduction, body or conclusion of the SONA. I grouped the issues which are similar to each other.
RESULTS
The following paragraphs constitute portions of President Rodrigo Duterte’s 2018 SONA. To distinguish inclusivity and exclusivity, I underline the words which signal inclusivity, while those that express exclusivity in the text are bold-faced. It is indicated also the uses of “we.”
Excerpt 1:
Two years later, my solid commitment to directly and decisively address our nation’s collective challenges remains. It has not wavered. In truth, it has even gotten stronger through adversity and the desire to give the people the most we can, within my term in this government.

Your concern is human rights, mine is human lives. applause The lives of our youth are being wasted and families are destroyed, and all because of the chemicals called shabu, cocaine, cannabis, and heroine.

Human rights to me means giving Filipinos, especially those at the society’s fringes, a decent and dignified future through the social and physical infrastructures necessary to better their lives. The lives and freedoms and the hard-earned property of every Filipino whose condition we wish to improve shall be protected from criminals, terrorists, corrupt officials, and traffickers of contrabands.

While we run after those who steal the people’s money, we are also enhancing the government’s delivery of frontline services. I thank Congress for the swift passage of the Ease of Doing Business Act, applause which is a significant fight against corruption and improving service delivery. We need to sustain our momentum. And I hereby direct all local government units — makinig sana kayo — and government agencies to faithfully implement this law and simply simplify the process. Hinihingi ko ho ‘yan sa lahat nasa gobyerno under my control and supervision. Huwag ho kayong magkamali.

The use of “we” in Excerpt 1, paragraph (a), line (3) is with the reference to “nations collective challenges” that Philippines as a country has been able to attain. But “within my term in this government” demonstrates exclusivity. It draws about political party that his term must achieve.
The reference in Excerpt 1, paragraph (c) line (2) “we” talk about inclusivity because of “every people” to achieve “decent and dignified future through the social and physical infrastructures.”
The use of Excerpt 1 paragraph (d) shows the interest of the president’s political party, and it is not for the nation. The use of “we run after those who steal the people’s money” in the paragraph clearly exclusive politics not for the Filipino.
In the next group of excerpts, I identify that the president’s focus was on his term limits and his position as president. Inclusivity is marked through the underlined words, while exclusivity is in bold-faced.
Excerpt 2:
We aim to rectify that derisive observation and, as a matter of fact, we are now in the process of fulfilling that promise through significant increases in the budget for Mindanao. At the end of my term, I hope to see the promise of Mindanao fulfilled, or at the very least, approaching fulfillment.

We will need loads of understanding and patience to endure and overcome the birth pangs or pains of the new beginning. To me, war is not an option. We have been through the catastrophe in Marawi. We have seen the horror, the devastation, and the human toll and the displacement of both Christians and Muslims alike.

On international relations, we shall continue to assert and pursue an independent foreign policy. Our long-term national development and national security goals come first. We shall continue to reach out to all nations regardless of their prevailing political persuasions or proximity to or distance from our shores so long as these nations wish us well.

We have successfully hosted the 50th ASEAN Anniversary and the 31st ASEAN Summit last November 2017. We have shown the world what we are capable of when we work together. The ASEAN events showcased not only the world-renowned Filipino hospitality and organizational capabilities but also our artistic talent. I would like to commend the ASEAN National Organizing Council led by no less than my Executive Secretary, Salvador Medialdea. applause
We admire our Filipino migrant workers for their selflessness and courage in enduring the hardships of living away from home to provide for their families. You epitomize the innate resilience of the nation. You have shown your willingness to toil and sacrifice day-in and day-out, for the long-term good of your family and loved ones. You have also contributed greatly to the national economy, even as you help in small and big ways to the economies of our international partners.

It is for this reason that we are continuing to work with the host nations to ensure the welfare of our countrymen. I appeal to all host governments to help us, as true and dependable partners, in this endeavor.

We shall, therefore, lower interconnection rates between all industry players. Not only to lessen the cost to the consumers as it will also lower the costs for the incoming player to access existing networks, thereby creating a market environment that is more conducive to competition. This is a policy which is crucial to ensure that our solution to our telecommunication problems will be both meaningful and lasting.

We intend to restore its environmental integrity, alongside measures to alleviate those whose livelihood were momentarily affected. Environmental protection and ensuring the health of our people cannot be overemphasized; thus, our actions in Boracay mark the beginning of a new national effort.

We are also working on long-term solutions. On top of this agenda to lower the price of rice. We need to switch from the current quota system in importing rice to a tariff system where rice can be imported more freely. This will give us additional resources for our farmers, reduce the price of rice by up to 7 pesos per kilo, and lower inflation significantly. I ask Congress to prioritize this crucial reform, which I have certified as urgent today.

The president still expanding his proposals to his audience, he begins to explain his plans at the beginning of Excerpt 2 (a) his plans for to fulfill the case in Mindanao. Exclusivity thus becomes a tool towards positive image presentation for the president’s political party. Notice in Excerpt 2 (b) and (c) the use of “will and shall” which suggests a tense change to the future about what will be done. Such usages constitute goal statements. While not directly related to inclusivity nor exclusivity, such tense markers serve to indicate instances where the president outline policy proposals.
In Excerpt 2 (d), (e) and (f), the use of “we” refer to the achievement and hard work of Filipino people as a whole and only one nation. In Excerpt 2 (g), (h) and (i), the use of “we” refer to the plans to fulfill of the country for the betterment.

In this analysis of the second Excerpts, it tells here that the exclusivity attempts to a positive way. Also, inclusivity is used to refer to the Filipino people common values and experiences. What follows in the next group of excerpts talks about the healthcare system in the Philippines.

Excerpt 3:
We are currently institutionalizing the unified implementation of the “No Balance Billing Policy” applause through which the government and our private healthcare providers can work out a system that will provide an order of charging of medical expenses.

We shall pool all our resources for health services under the PhilHealth; institutionalize primary care as a prerequisite to access higher level of healthcare; and supplement human resource gaps of the LGUs through a National Health Workforce Support System.

These will ensure that every Filipino family gets the appropriate, affordable, and quality health services in appropriate facilities and will be protected from financial burden due to sickness.

I am confident that the Filipino people will stand behind us as we introduce this new fundamental law that will not only strengthen our democratic institutions but will also create an environment where every Filipino—regardless of social status, religion, or ideology—will have an equal opportunity to grow and create a future that he or she can proudly bequeath to the succeeding generations.

My countrymen, I will not bore you with a litany of this administration’s projects completed otherwise in the process. That would be too self-serving. I have instead caused to be prepared a written report on what has — what was and what has been done in the months and probably in the years to come. The reports shall be made available within the next few days.

The president used the last part of the speech to narrate some of the proposals and his recommendation to the audience. His call to the unity of Filipino people pointed out to inclusivity.
In Excerpt 3 (a) the use of “we” work together with “government and our private healthcare” to show that the society is the focus of the sentence.

In Excerpt 3 (b) the use of “we” works together with “National Health Workforce Support System” to show that the society is still the focus of the sentence. There is no indication that the “we” refers to other political parties.
Excerpt 3 (d) the use of “we” refers to the democratic institution wherein the Filipino people are involved.
Excerpt 3 (e), shows exclusivity because of “administration” which may refer to the president’s political party he is trying to accomplish.
DISCUSSION
The analysis of President Duterte’s speech reveals an interesting insight. The genre of the address is non-adversarial, unlike to an election campaign speech he has done before.
Also, the president uses inclusive language “we” which intends to associate with the Filipino people. It is revealed that the president persuades the audience pointing an inclusivity to a good perspective.
Besides, he also uses other words which associate with exclusivity that refers to his political party and his time of terminology.

References
Andrus, J. (2013). Rhetorical discourse analysis. In C.A. Chapelle (Ed.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics (pp. 4975–4981). Oxford: Blackwell.

Aristotle. (2006). On rhetoric: A theory of civic discourse. (G.A. Kennedy, Trans.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Aristotle. 1984b. The Rhetoric and Poetics of Aristotle. Trans. W Rhys Roberts. New York: Modern Library.

Babbie, E. ; Mouton, J. (2004). The practice of social research. Oxford: University Press.

Bennett, C. (1995) Equivocation in Political Interviews: Understanding strategic ambiguity. ACAS Discussion Paper Series, The Australian Centre for American Studies, University of Sydney.

Billig, M. (1999). Critical discourse analysis and conversation analysis: An exchange between Michael Billig and Emanuel A. Schegloff. Discourse ; Society, 10 (4), 543-582.

Bloor, m. ; bloor, t. (2007) the practice of critical discourse analysis: an introduction, london: hodder education.

Bull, P. and K. Mayer (1993) How Not to Answer Questions in Political Interviews. Journal of Political Psychology, 14 (4): 651-666
Chilton, P. (2004). Analysing political discourse: Theory and practice. London and New York: Routledge.

Clayman, S. (1993) Reformulating the Question: A device for answering/not answering questions in news interviews and press conferences. Text 13 (2): 159-188
Eisenhart, C. ; Johnstone, B. (2008). Discourse analysis and rhetorical studies. In B. Johnstone and C. Eisenhart (Eds.), Rhetoric in detail: Discourse analyses of rhetorical talk and text (pp. 3-24). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing.

Fairclough, N. (1993). Critical Discourse Analysis and the Marketization of Public Discourse: The universities. Discourse Society, 4, 133-168.
Fairclough, N. (2015). Language and power. (3rd ed.). London: Routledge.

Foss, S. K., ; Griffin, C. L. (1995). Beyond persuasion: A proposal for an invitational rhetoric. Communications Monographs, 62 (1), 2-18.

Helmbrecht, J. (2002). Grammar and function of we. In A. Duszak (Ed.), Us and others: Social identities across languages, discourses and cultures (pp. 31- 49). Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Petersoo, P. (2007). What does ‘we’ mean? National deixis in the media. Journal of Language and Politics, 6(3), 419-436.

Sacks, H. (1992) Lectures on Conversations (Vol. 1 and 2). Oxford: Blackwell.

State of the nation address 2018. Retrieved from https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/07/23/1836195/full-text-dutertes-2018-sona-speech
Van Dijk, (1985). A Handbook of Discourse Analysis London Academic Press Limited. Volumn 4.

Zarefsky, D. (2014). Presidential rhetoric and the power of definition. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 34 (3), 607-619.

STATE OF THE NATION ADDRESS OF RODRIGO ROA DUTERTEPRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINESTO THE CONGRESS OF THE PHILIPPINES
(Delivered at the Session Hall of the House of Representatives, Batasang Pambansa Complex, Quezon City, 23 July 2018)
Kindly sit down. Thank you for your courtesy.

Senate President Vicente Sotto III and the members of the Senate; House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez and the members of the House of Representatives; Vice President Maria Leonor Robredo; Former Presidents Fidel V. Ramos, Joseph Ejercito Estrada, and Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo; His Excellency Gabriele Caccia and the esteemed members of the diplomatic corps; Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea and the members of the Cabinet; Acting Chief Justice Antonio Carpio and the justices of the Supreme Court; my fellow workers in government; mga kababayan.

About two years ago, I solemnly took my oath as a worker of the national government. I was as inspired to institute real changes for the greater good of the Filipino people, as I was greatly overwhelmed then by the daunting challenges that lay ahead.

Two years later, my solid commitment to directly and decisively address our nation’s collective challenges remains. It has not wavered. In truth, it has even gotten stronger through adversity and the desire to give the people the most we can, within my term in this government.

Let me begin by putting it bluntly: the war against illegal drugs is far from over. Where before, the war resulted in the seizure of illegal drugs worth millions of pesos, today, they run into billions in peso value. I can only shudder at the harm that those drugs could have caused had they reached the streets of every province, city, municipality, barangay and community throughout the country.

This is why the illegal drugs war will not be sidelined. Instead, it will be as relentless and chilling, if you will, as on the day it began. These drug dealers know fully well that their business is against the law. They know the consequences of their criminal acts, especially when caught in flagrante delicto and they violently resist arrest. They know that illegal drugs waste away lives, dysfunctionalize families, and ruin relationships. They know that once hooked, addicts will die slowly – slow deaths. And yet, they persist in doing what they do, oblivious to the terrible harm that they cause to the people and communities.

And when illegal drug operations turn nasty and bloody, advocates of human rights lash at – and pillory – our law enforcers and this administration to no end. Sadly, I have yet to hear really howls of protest from the human rights advocates and church leaders against drug-lordism, drug dealing and drug pushing as forceful and vociferous as the ones directed against the alleged errant law enforcers in the fight against this social scourge.

If you think that I can be dissuaded from continuing this fight because of your demonstrations, your protests, which I find, by the way, misdirected, then you got it all wrong. applause
Your concern is human rights, mine is human lives. applause The lives of our youth are being wasted and families are destroyed, and all because of the chemicals called shabu, cocaine, cannabis, and heroine.

Human rights to me means giving Filipinos, especially those at the society’s fringes, a decent and dignified future through the social and physical infrastructures necessary to better their lives. The lives and freedoms and the hard-earned property of every Filipino whose condition we wish to improve shall be protected from criminals, terrorists, corrupt officials, and traffickers of contrabands.

You worry about the present; I am concerned about both the present and the future. applause I worry about the future because I know what crimes can do to the youth of this country. If not stopped, crimes can make human cesspools of succeeding generations. I will not allow it to happen. Not during my term. applause
Time and again, I have stressed that corruption must stop. applause Corruption is like a leech that it bleeds the government of funds programmed for its infrastructure and other social development projects. It saps the morale or the morale of dedicated and honest government workers.

Corruption destroys those who succumb to its temptation and eventually it is the innocent who will suffer and bear its horrible consequences.

The love of money is corrosive. And sadly, the desire to make the easy kind by being imaginative and manipulative, corrupts absolutely. Stolen wealth does not make the thief respectable. Neither will the trappings of wealth mask nor cap the stink that thievery exudes. One day, justice will catch up with those who steal government funds. And when that day comes, it will be the public who will have its retribution.

While we run after those who steal the people’s money, we are also enhancing the government’s delivery of frontline services. I thank Congress for the swift passage of the Ease of Doing Business Act, applause which is a significant fight against corruption and improving service delivery. We need to sustain our momentum. And I hereby direct all local government units – makinig sana kayo – and government agencies to faithfully implement this law and simply simplify the process. Hinihingi ko ho ‘yan sa lahat nasa gobyerno under my control and supervision. Huwag ho kayong magkamali.

I particularly call the attention of the agencies with the most number of red tape-related reports from the public, make your services truly customer-friendly. Our people deserve efficient, effective, and responsive government services. They deserve nothing less. applause Kayo lang ang ayaw eh. Gusto ng tao kayo ‘yung binabayaran, make your living from the pockets of the people and you have a lousy and corrupt bureaucracy.

I have friends and political supporters whom I appointed to public office and then dismissed or caused to resign. I need not mention their names or recount the circumstances surrounding their removal or resignation. Media has more than amply reported that.

I value friendship, make no mistake about it. But it has its limits.

This is a lonely place I am hemmed in. Do not make it lonelier by forcing me to end our friendship because you gave me the reason to end it. It pains me to end – the loss of friendships. And that is why I appeal to you to help me in my cause so that our friendship will endure.

For as long as I can remember, the bulk of the income generated in Mindanao used to be remitted to what we, in Mindanao, refer to as the “Imperial Manila” to fund national projects primarily in the Metro Manila area, leaving a pittance to Mindanao as its share thereof. Mindanao was dubbed as “The Land of Promise,” and Mindanaoans say in derision that this is so because what it got from the government through the years were promises, promises and more promises.

We aim to rectify that derisive observation and, as a matter of fact, we are now in the process of fulfilling that promise through significant increases in the budget for Mindanao. At the end of my term, I hope to see the promise of Mindanao fulfilled, or at the very least, approaching fulfilment.

Be that as it may, Mindanao pauses at the crossroads of history. One road leads to harmony and peace; the other, to war and human suffering.

Despite all that has been said for or against the Bangsamoro Organic Law by all sectoral groups, I make this solemn commitment that this administration will never deny our Muslim brothers and sisters the basic legal tools to chart their own destiny within the Constitutional framework of our country.

When the approved version is transmitted and received by my office… The law has been passed actually and I intend to… Give me 48 hours to sign it and ratify the law. applause Babasahin ko pa bago ko pipirmahan. Baka may isiningit kayo diyan na hindi maganda para sa – para sa ibang tao.

We will need loads of understanding and patience to endure and overcome the birth pangs or pains of the new beginning. To me, war is not an option. We have been through the catastrophe in Marawi. We have seen the horror, the devastation, and the human toll and the displacement of both Christians and Muslims alike.

I have made a pledge that ISIS terrorists or groups or its allies will never gain foothold in our country. Yet, when what remained of the decimated Maute-ISIS group in Marawi finally saw the error of their ways and expressed their desire to be reintegrated into society, we welcomed them with open arms and embarked on genuine efforts to embrace a peaceful, productive life for them. We owe it to our fallen soldiers and police officers in Marawi and elsewhere to put an end to the bloodshed and seek the path of true peace—a peace that will last beyond this lifetime, and whose dividends our children will reap.

On international relations, we shall continue to assert and pursue an independent foreign policy. Our long-term national development and national security goals come first.

We shall continue to reach out to all nations regardless of their prevailing political persuasions or proximity to or distance from our shores so long as these nations wish us well.

Our stronger bonds with our ASEAN friends have made possible our trilateral border patrols with Indonesia and Malaysia, which has since then put out of business sea pirates, piracy and other terrorists who used to infest our shared seas. This is a testament to the readiness of our country and our good neighbors to make regional peace and security our shared responsibility.

We have successfully hosted the 50th ASEAN Anniversary and the 31st ASEAN Summit last November 2017. We have shown the world what we are capable of when we work together. The ASEAN events showcased not only the world-renowned Filipino hospitality and organizational capabilities but also our artistic talent. I would like to commend the ASEAN National Organizing Council led by no less than my Executive Secretary, Salvador Medialdea. applause
Our re-energized relations with China has also led to an unprecedented level of cooperation between our nations on the war against transnational crimes. Our shared intelligence led to the discovery and dismantling of the clandestine shabu laboratories and the arrest of Chinese chemists connected with the Dragon organization called Wu Syndicate.

Our improved relationship with China, however, does not mean that we will waver in our commitment to defend our interests in the West Philippine Sea. applause This is why we engage China through bilateral and multilateral platforms such as the ASEAN-China and the Philippines-China Bilateral Consultation Mechanism.

Opening lines of communication and amicably managing differences have led to positive developments that include renewed access of Filipino fishermen in the areas in dispute in the Philippines – West Philippine Sea.

Participation in the ASEAN-China dialogue has also resulted to the draft framework for the Code of Conduct in the South China Sea which intends to resolve disputes by peaceful means.

We admire our Filipino migrant workers for their selflessness and courage in enduring the hardships of living away from home to provide for their families. You epitomize the innate resilience of the nation. You have shown your willingness to toil and sacrifice day-in and day-out, for the long-term good of your family and loved ones. You have also contributed greatly to the national economy, even as you help in small and big ways to the economies of our international partners.

This is why we strongly condemn the deaths and abuses experienced by Filipino migrant workers in the hands of their foreign employers. I have said this before and I say it again: I am a worker of government, and it is my vow to make sure that your well-being remains our foremost foreign policy concern. applause
It is for this reason that we are continuing to work with the host nations to ensure the welfare of our countrymen. I appeal to all host governments to help us, as true and dependable partners, in this endeavor.

I have always believed that no matter how well-intentioned a leader is, no matter how well-conceived may be his mission, if he lacks the political will to do what needs to be done, then he can only end up a failure and a hopeless dreamer.

As a worker of government, I promised to do whatever it would take to give all Filipinos a comfortable life, fighting powerful interests and making sacrifices. My obligation is to promote and uphold the greatest good, for the greatest number. applause
Our campaign against Endo has resulted in the regularization of more than 300,000 workers as of early this month. On May 1 of this year, I signed Executive Order 51, which sought to protect the workers right to security of tenure.

Read my lips, I understand that this does not satisfy all sectors. I share their sentiment; I truly do. Much as I would like to do the impossible, that power is not vested upon me by the Constitution. And neither will I make both ends meet even if I violate the laws to achieve that purpose. Simply, it is not part of my territory.

That is why I add mine to their voices in asking Congress to pass legislation ending the practice of contractualization once and for all. applause
Our farmers, especially our coconut farmers, form a significant part of the basic sectors of society. It is from the toil of their hands that we put food on the table. It is my hope that we finally see this through. I urge you Congress to convene the bicameral conference committee and pass at the soonest possible time the bill establishing the Coconut Farmers’ Trust Fund. applause I pray that you will do it.

My administration remains firm in its resolve to ensure that the country’s telecommunications services are reliable, inexpensive and secure. A draft Terms of Reference for the entry of a new, major industry player is at hand. The terms will be fair, reasonable and comprehensive. It will be inclusive so it will be open to all interested private parties, both foreign and local. The only condition is that the chosen entity must provide the best possible services at reasonably accessible prices.

However, our efforts to usher in a new major player shall be rendered futile if we do not improve its odds of success in an industry that has long been dominated by a well-entrenched duopoly.

We shall, therefore, lower interconnection rates between all industry players. Not only to lessen the cost to the consumers as it will also lower the costs for the incoming player to access existing networks, thereby creating a market environment that is more conducive to competition. This is a policy which is crucial to ensure that our solution to our telecommunication problems will be both meaningful and lasting.

In the last 2 years, experience has taught me that lack of consultation or insufficiency of information can, at times, lead to rash judgments. If and when I am unsure on the most appropriate course of action to take given the problem, it’s factual milieu and the desired end, I never fail to consult to discuss options with persons whom I trust and whose advise I value.

When I decided to establish Malasakit Centers in Cebu, Tacloban and Iloilo, my long-time aide, Bong Go and his team became instrumental in arriving at the right decision through proper consultations. applause
Deliberations with the proper agencies also made me decide to push for, and eventually approve, both the free Tertiary Education Act and the increase in the salary of our men in uniform, our soldiers and our policemen. applause
Boracay Island, widely regarded as one of our country’s treasures and admired worldwide for its natural beauty, has sadly become the representation of the government’s negligence, including mine.

I could not allow this decay to continue; decisive action has long been overdue. Recognizing that we are mere stewards of our natural resources, and I said enough is enough.

We intend to restore its environmental integrity, alongside measures to alleviate those whose livelihood were momentarily affected. Environmental protection and ensuring the health of our people cannot be overemphasized; thus, our actions in Boracay mark the beginning of a new national effort.

This is just the beginning. For the other tourist destinations needing urgent rehabilitation and enforcement of environmental and other laws shall soon follow. I urge our local government units to proactively enforce our laws and not wait for us to swoop down on your areas just to do your duty and work. applause Some other time I would have to discuss sa local government units.

What has happened to Boracay is just an indication of the long-overdue need to rationalize, in a holistic and sustainable manner, the utilization, management, and development of our lands. I therefore urge the Senate to urgently pass the National Land Use Act applause to put in place a national land use policy that will address our competing land requirements for food, housing, businesses, and environmental conservation. We need to do this now.

To help safeguard the present and the future generations, we have to earnestly undertake initiatives to reduce our vulnerabilities to natural hazards, and bolster our resilience to the impact of natural disasters and climate change.

As I had stated last year, we must learn from the experiences from the Super-typhoon Yolanda, and other mega disasters, and from global best practices. We need a truly empowered department characterized by a unity of command, science-based approach and full-time focus on natural hazards and disasters, and the wherewithal to take charge of the disaster risk reduction; preparedness and response; with better recovery and faster rehabilitation.

Hence, we, in the Cabinet, have approved for immediate endorsement to Congress the passage of a law creating the “Department of Disaster Management,” applause an inter-agency — just like FEMA. Well, I don’t know if it’s — it’s an effective agency in the United’s government.

An inter-agency crafted and a high-priority measure aimed at genuinely strengthening our country’s capacity for resilience to natural disasters. I fervently appeal to Congress to pass this bill with utmost urgency. Our people’s safety requirements cannot wait.

Ours is a rich and beautiful country, indeed. Add to that a great number of people equipped with technical expertise and professionalism, and you have a country poised to soar and take its place among the world’s economic and financial eagles. God willing. Inshallah.

Nature endowed us with this wealth to be tapped for the benefit of all generations. My policy in the utilization of these resources is non-negotiable: the protection of the environment must be top priority applause and extracted resources must be used for the benefit of the Filipino people, applause not just a select few. Do not just give me taxes. I can get it from other sources. Give me what needs to be given to my countrymen. applause
To the mining industry, I say this once again and maybe for the last time, do not destroy the environment or compromise our resources; repair what you have mismanaged. Try to change your management radically because this time you will have restrictive policies. The prohibition of open pit mining is one. applause It is destroying my country. It is destroying the environment. It will destroy the world of tomorrow for our children. applause
Again, I warn irresponsible miners, along with their patrons, to stop destroying our watersheds, recharge areas, forests, and aquatic resources. You can no longer fish in our rivers. It’s all contaminated. And the color is not even brown or white, it’s black. You want to see it? I will invite you. We can go to Diwalwal and the other mining areas. And I’m sure you will puke with what is happening to this country. Expect reforms, radical ones. I cannot intend to quarrel with anybody, with the moneyed, but for as long as I am here I said: you will just have to contend with me.

I expect you to do your part in ensuring our nation’s sustainable development, starting now.

I exhort all concerned agencies and local government units to uphold the concept of inter-generational responsibility in the exploration and utilization of our mineral wealth, the protection and preservation of our biodiversity, anchored on the right to a balanced and healthy ecology.

I applaud Congress for the timely passage of the TRAIN law. You have made funds available to build better roads and bridges, and improve health and education, and strengthen our safety and security. Some have incorrectly blamed our efforts toward a fairer tax system for all the price increases in the past months, and some irresponsibly suggesting to stop TRAIN’s implementation. We cannot and should not. We need this for sustainable growth that leaves no Filipino left behind.

TRAIN is already helping poor families and senior citizens cope up with rising prices. We have distributed unconditional cash transfers to 4 million people, and we will help 6 million more this year.

Following the one-peso discount per liter in gas stations, we have also started releasing fuel vouchers to public utility jeeps and other valid franchises. Further, we have fast-tracked the distribution of NFA rice to provide affordable rice for all. Excuse me.

This year, we are giving 149 billion pesos worth of subsidies to the poor and vulnerable. Next year, the amount will be increased to 169 billion pesos.

But no amount of subsidy can help the poor if some businesses take advantage of the situation to make more money. I ask businesses to cooperate with us in charging a fair price.

To help stabilize rice prices, we also need to address the issue of artificial rice shortage. I now ask all the rice hoarders, cartels and their protectors, you know that I know who you are: stop messing with the people. I hate to… Power sometimes is not a good thing. But I hope I will not have to use it against you.

Consider yourselves warned; mend your ways now or the full force of the State shall be brought to bear upon you. I am directing all intelligence agencies to unmask the perpetrators of this economic sabotage and our law enforcement agencies to bring them to justice.

We are also working on long-term solutions. On top of this agenda to lower the price of rice. We need to switch from the current quota system in importing rice to a tariff system where rice can be imported more freely. This will give us additional resources for our farmers, reduce the price of rice by up to 7 pesos per kilo, and lower inflation significantly. I ask Congress to prioritize this crucial reform, which I have certified as urgent today.

Alam mo, ako humihingi talaga ng tulong. Business is really for profit I understand that. But the Philippines has always been a playground for, you know, scoundrels and those who do it without really considering the plight of the others. It’s all conscience.

When I ran for public office, I promised to do whatever it takes to give all Filipinos a comfortable life, even if it means fighting powerful interests. I am committed to a comprehensive tax reform, and I ask Congress to continue the job.

We are also working on long-term solutions. On top of this agenda to lower the price of rice. We need to switch from the current quota system in importing rice to a tariff system where rice can be imported more freely. This will give us additional resources for our farmers, reduce the price of rice by up to 7 pesos per kilo, and lower inflation significantly. I ask Congress to prioritize this crucial reform, which I have certified as urgent today.

Alam mo, ako humihingi talaga ng tulong. Business is really for profit I understand that. But the Philippines has always been a playground for, you know, scoundrels and those who do it without really considering the plight of the others. It’s all conscience.

When I ran for public office, I promised to do whatever it takes to give all Filipinos a comfortable life, even if it means fighting powerful interests. I am committed to a comprehensive tax reform, and I ask Congress to continue the job.

Package 2 will lower corporate income taxes, especially for our small businesses. Lower taxes mean they will have more money to invest and create more jobs. More than 99 percent of our businesses are micro, small, or medium enterprises (MSME) and employ around 65 percent of our workers. The enactment of the Package 2 is what stands between today and millions of jobs in the near future.

Congressmen Cua, Gonzales, Abu, and Garin and Batocabe, as well as the Suansing family, filed versions of Package 2 last March 2018. Salamat po applause and I support their push to shepherd the bill. I hope the Senate will follow suit, maybe tomorrow, sir.

This matter is urgent. Do not be part of the problem by ignoring it. I hope to sign Package 2 before the year ends. I urge Congress to pass it in a form that satisfies our goals and serves applause the interests of the many, not just the wealthy few.

By the end of July 2018, all 5 packages of my tax reform would have been submitted to Congress. Apart from TRAIN, rice tariffication, and Package 2, they include the mining, alcohol, and tobacco tax increase, reform in property valuation, reform in capital income and financial taxes, and an amnesty program.

I urge Congress to take them seriously and pass them in succession, for there is no chance that we can deliver our promises without an equitable tax system.

One of the most important thrusts of this administration’s medium-term development plan is to cover all Filipinos against financial health risks. That is why I have directed concerned agencies to streamline the various sources of financial assistance for people with health-related needs.

We are currently institutionalizing the unified implementation of the “No Balance Billing Policy” applause through which the government and our private healthcare providers can work out a system that will provide an order of charging of medical expenses.

Much needs to be done to improve our healthcare system, which remains highly fragmented, resulting in disparity in health outcomes between the rich and the poor in the urban areas and rural. While investments in health have increased over the years, several policy and operational bottlenecks have constrained universal health care for this country.

We shall pool all our resources for health services under the PhilHealth; institutionalize primary care as a prerequisite to access higher level of healthcare; and supplement human resource gaps of the LGUs through a National Health Workforce Support System.

These will ensure that every Filipino family gets the appropriate, affordable, and quality health services in appropriate facilities and will be protected from financial burden due to sickness.

To this end, I urge the speedy passage of the Universal Health Care Bill authored by Former Representative Harry Roque. applause Strong political determination, not political ambition, is the guiding light. applause
I have no illusions of occupying this office one day longer than what the Constitution under which I was elected permits; or under whatever Constitution there might be.

Four administrations before me have all tried to amend the Constitution to be able to introduce amendments and reservations to the charter – revisions rather to the charter. But none of them was successfully done for one reason or another.

I therefore consider it a distinct honor and privilege to have received earlier from the Consultative Committee that I created, the draft Federal Constitution that will truly embody the ideals and aspirations of all the Filipino people. applause
I thank all the members of the Committee, especially those who came out from their retirement, for their valuable services in crafting this draft Federal Constitution. I would like to extend my particular gratitude to Former Chief Justice Reynato Puno applause and Former Senate President Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. applause
I am confident that the Filipino people will stand behind us as we introduce this new fundamental law that will not only strengthen our democratic institutions, but will also create an environment where every Filipino—regardless of social status, religion, or ideology – will have an equal opportunity to grow and create a future that he or she can proudly bequeath to the succeeding generations.

My countrymen, I will not bore you with a litany of this administration’s projects completed otherwise in the process. That would be too self-serving. I have instead caused to be prepared a written report on what has – what was and what has been done in the months and probably in the years to come. The reports shall be made available within the next few days.

I was informed that satellite facilities were set up by the Presidential Communications Operations Office in certain far flung barangays so as of today the residents of these communities can watch the State of the Nation and for the first time see you on TV. I hope you have enjoyed the experience. applause
In ending, may I quote — I have always quoted but — in my previous talks. One American that I salute, the great Abraham Lincoln. And this has been — I’ve been in government for the last… If I completed my… If I complete my term, Inshallah, God willing, I would have served government for 40 years.

And I came across this statement which has been with me since I was a fiscal in the 70s. And he said: If I were to try to read, much less answer, all the attacks made on me, this shop, the presidency, might as well be closed for any other business. I do the very best I know how—the very best I can; and I mean to keep doing so until the end. If the end brings me out all right, what is — what has been said against me won’t amount to anything. But if the end brings me out wrong, ten angels of God swearing that I was right would make no difference.

Daghang salamat ka ninyong tanan. applause

x

Hi!
I'm Delia!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out