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1.6. Significance of the Study
The Growth and Transformation Plan stresses the importance of agriculture, and rural transportation infrastructure and services. As agriculture will be the most critical for sustained improvements in Ethiopia’s growth performance, involving revitalization and higher productivity in traditional areas such as coffee, cereals, pulses, oilseeds, and hides and skins, as well as progress in new crops such as high – value fruits and vegetable, floriculture, rice, cotton, and agro processing, there is the implied need for the expansion and improvement of rural transport services, as well as roads. Communities are often left isolated and without access, particularly during periods of rains. This excludes them from exposure to new ideas and influences. Remoteness, isolation and lack of services increases vulnerability and severely constrain their ability to contribute to the economy and development of Ethiopia (MOFED, 2010).
Investment in transport, and particularly road transport, improves the well being of the poor. Provision of all-weather roads: improves the quality of universal education – it makes it possible to recruit and retain qualified teachers and assistants; improves access by the poor to human, natural, social and financial resources that they need to raise living standards and welfare; provides opportunities for the poor to participate more fully in development opportunities, it gives access to markets, jobs, schools, social and health facilities; provides both short (road building) and long-term (road maintenance) employment opportunities; and reduces the negative impacts of natural disasters and shocks and provides the links needed to manage it. The greatest returns for agricultural productivity, food security and poverty reduction often come from appropriate investments in roads. The aim of this study is to assess factors that will influences project performance of URRAP of Borana Zone Roads Authority office. The information gathered in this study will aimed at assisting Borana Zone Rural Roads Authority office to reduce community compliant related to good governance on URRAP roads project performance and to closely monitor the changes of the road network, to come up with the appropriate measures to counter the challenges currently being experienced by rural roads users in relation to the area under study, it also provide the direction for government, policy makers to take the study as input in designing the coming similar different programmes.
1.7. Scope of the Study
The study concerning Factors Influencing project Performance of Roads were conducting everywhere throughout the country and there were numerous factors affecting the project from its inception till to its completion, the researcher is given attention to identify factors such as availability of funding, contractor competencies, consultant commitments, and management practices that influencing on project performance of URRAP of Borana zone Roads Authority office, and the study is conducted for the URRAP part of RSDP from the period of 2011- 2018. The study was adopted descriptive research design and conducted by using census sampling and questionnaires for data collection.
1.8. Limitation of the Study
The following points was be consider as limitation for this study
• Lack of Sufficient time and fund to conduct the research. This was solved by planning the available resources, and using the resources wisely as much as possible.
• The researcher faced lack of willing and interest and unfriendly respondents. But this was countered by motivating the respondents and by following up on the questionnaires.
• Another challenge was that some of the respondents filled ambiguous answers while others left blank questions (that is, fail to write their response to some questions) in the questionnaires. This was managed by revisiting the same respondents and the researcher noticed that their questionnaires were having ambiguous answers and leave blank questions.
• Absence of organized data from concerned organization, no consistency of data, inadequate information, redundant data etc. Searching of data from different sources to make the data valuable.
• Lack of update literature in the study area. The researcher however, fully collected the required update literature through different books, journals, articles, unpublished sources and browsing the internet.

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